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HomeLegislative Process
Introduction

Proposing and passing a bill in the state legislature can seem like a complicated process. Here's a brief overview of the process.


Step 1 

  
Proposed Bill 



Step 2

Bill is sent to the clerk of the
House of the sponsoring
legislator for numbering.

Step 3

Bill title, number and sponsors
are printed in the House and
Senate Journals.

Step 4 



Bill is sent to the appropriate joint standing committee of the
General Assembly, depending
on the bill's subject matter.









Step 5



Committee may:
1) have the bill drafted in legal      
    language;
2) combine it with other bills
    and have it drafted as a
    committee bill;
3) refer the bill to another
    committee;
4) take no action so the bill fails.
The committee may also write a
new "raised" bill.


Step 6
           

Committee holds public
hearings for the public,
state agency representatives and legislators on all bills it wishes
to consider.








Step 7    


Committee may report the bill
favorably, defeat the bill or issue
no report (bill fails).    
     




 Step 8



Bill requiring action by another
committee is referred to that
committee. For example, a bill
requiring expenditures is referred
to the Appropriations Committee.



 Step 9

            

After leaving the last committee,
the bill is sent to the Legislative
Commissioners' Office to be
checked for constitutionality and consistency with other law.


 Step 10


The Office of Fiscal Analysis adds
an estimate of the bill's cost. 
The Office of Legislative Research
adds a 'plain English' explanation
of the bill.



 Step 11


Clerk assigns the bill a calender
number.





 Step 12


Final Printing of the bill
.






 Step 13



Debate and amendments in the
house of origin. House may send
the bill to another committee
before voting.

 Step 14



Vote on bill.




 Step 15



A 'yes' vote sends the bill to the
other house for placement on
their calendar.


 Step 16


Other house votes on the bill.









 Step 17


If amended by second house,  
bill is returned to first house for concurrence.
If House and Senate cannot agree, the bill is sent to a joint conference committee.
If not amended, bill is sent to the
governor.


 Step 18


If the conference committee reaches
an agreement
, a report is sent to
both houses.







 Step 19


If one or both houses reject the
changes
, the bill fails.






Step 20tep 20


If both houses pass the bill,
it is sent to the governor.
The Governor can:
   1) sign the bill
   2) veto it, or
   3) take no action


 Step 21


If
 the Governor vetoes, the bill is returned to the house in which it 
originated.





 Step 22


Vetoed bills can be reconsidered
by both houses.









 Step 23


The bill becomes law if:

1) The Governor signs it,
2) The Governor fails to sign within
     5 days during the legislative
     session, or 15 days after
     adjournment;
3) The vetoed bill is re-passed by
     a 2/3 vote of the elected
    membership.


 
 






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